Wampanoag Food and Water
The Wampanoag relied on many animals for their food. Their primary food sources were fish, deer, and small animals such as rabbits or squirrels. The Wampanoag were a tribe that were not nomadic like the Sioux, so they often built villages next to bodies of water such as lakes or rivers that supplied their fresh water.
Below, a man created a fish trap the Wampanoag tribe used to catch fish. He did this by making a wall of sticks in a "M" formation. How do the fish get caught? How deep does the water need to be so the fish can be caught?
To hunt game such as rabbits, squirrels, or deer, the Wampanoags tribe used bows and arrows just like the Sioux did to hunt buffalo. The Wampanoag tribe often used stone arrow tips and used bird feathers to "fletch" their arrows. This "fletching" process allowed the arrow to fly straight through the air. Below is an example of a bow, and the types of arrowheads similar to the ones they would have used to hunt. Why was the bow so much more effective than hunting with a spear? Why would it make sense for the Sioux and Wampanoag tribes to use stone arrowheads instead of wooden ones?